Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 4: ACCOUNTS PAYABLE & ACCRUED EXPENSES

Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 4: ACCOUNTS PAYABLE & ACCRUED EXPENSES

[ Blog/News ]

Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 4: ACCOUNTS PAYABLE & ACCRUED EXPENSES

We introduced you to receivables as part of a balance sheet in our last blog, which was the third in our Reading Financial Statements Series©. In this and following blogs we will explore more typical association balance sheet accounts payable and accrued expenses in more detail. 

Now we come to the part of a financial statement that deals with accounts payable and accrued expenses. A payable is something the association owes to another entity or person. It is a liability of the association.
What Causes A Payable To Occur?

Generally, accounts payables are recorded when an association has received goods or services, and the related vendor invoice, but has not yet paid the invoice.

What Is Your Accounting Basis?

In other articles and blogs, we have referred to the basis of accounting. This is very important for readers of financials to understand.

To recap:

  • Cash Basis: Revenues recorded when cash is received, expenses recorded when paid.
  • Accrual Basis: Revenue recorded when earned/billed, expenses recorded when incurred.

By definition, when using the cash basis of accounting, an association will not record a vendor expense until an invoice is paid.  What happens if a contract landscape invoice is submitted to the association for payment, but the invoice is not paid until the next month?

The association will not record landscape expenses in the current month under the cash basis of accounting. If an association uses the accrual basis of accounting, the landscape vendor invoice will be recorded as a payable, with a corresponding charge to landscape expense in the current month.  The expense is recorded together with the liability to pay for the expense.

Are Accrued Expenses Different From Accounts Payable?

Yes, technically accrued expenses are different, however the financial statement presentation is similar.  Typical accruals are recorded for expenses like utilities. Perhaps the utility company bills the association every two months.  At the end of month one, even though an invoice had not been received, the association should accrue one month of utility expense so that the financial statements present a reasonable estimate of the expense for the current month. If the association waited until it received the invoice for two months, it would be recording two months of expense in one month and zero expense in one month under the cash basis.

Full Accounting & Knowledge

We believe the full accrual basis of accounting provides associations and readers of financial statements with a more complete and accurate representation. End Of Article

By Newman CPA

By Newman CPA

Chapter Happenings Sponsor, August 2021

By: Jeremy Newman CPA. Newman Certified Public Accountant PC.

Visit us online: www.hoacpa.com

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Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 3: RECEIVABLES

Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 3: RECEIVABLES

[ Blog/News ]

Reading Financial Statements Series© – Balance Sheet Part 3: RECEIVABLES

We introduced you to cash as part of a balance sheet in our last blog, which was the second in our Reading Financial Statements Series©. In this and following blogs we will explore more typical association balance sheet accounts and receivables in more detail. 

Receivables are an asset which is generally presented just below cash on the balance sheet. It represents amounts the association has the right to receive. Receivables are amounts due from other people or entities.

Assessments

For associations, the largest and most common receivable is for unpaid assessments. Most associations bill owners for assessments each month.  If an owner has not paid their monthly assessment by the due date, the assessment is considered a receivable from the owner.

Recording assessments revenues on the accrual basis without considering the effect of delinquent accounts receivable can mislead readers of an association’s statement of revenues and expenses.

Assessments are recorded when billed under the accrual method. Should there be an accumulation of delinquent accounts, the statement of revenues and expenses will continue to present results assuming 100% collection of outstanding assessments. Readers should always refer to an aging report to assess the status of assessments receivable.

What If An Association’s Board Of Directors Thinks That Not All The Amounts Due To The Association Are Collectible?

It is important not to overstate assets in an association’s financial statements.

Consideration should be given to providing for an allowance for uncollectible receivables. An allowance for the total receivables that a board determines might be uncollectible should be presented below receivables on the balance sheet.

The net of the two amounts should indicate to readers of the financial statements the amount the board expects to collect.

Bad Debt Expense

When an allowance for uncollectible accounts is recorded on the balance sheet, a second account, bad debt expense, is recorded on the statement of revenues and expenses.

Recording bad debt expense helps boards and managers to understand the effect of not collecting all amounts that are billed, thus providing a more realistic bottom line. End Of Article

By Newman CPA

By Newman CPA

Chapter Happenings Sponsor, July 2021

By: Jeremy Newman CPA. Newman Certified Public Accountant PC.

Visit us online: www.hoacpa.com

Read All Reading Financial Statements Series© Blog Posts:

  • Condominium Law Group, PLLC - General Counsel & Collection Services - Partners Ken Harer & Valerie Oman - Phone: (206) 633-1520 Website: www.condolaw.net
  • The Copeland Group - Banner Ad
  • Porter Construction Inc - Building With Integrity - www.porterci.com
  • Barker Martin
  • HUB International NW - HOA And Condo Solutions - Web Ad
  • Newman HOA CPA - Banner Ad
  • Rafel Law Group - Banner Ad

Search WSCAI


Search Business Partners Directory


Diamond Sponsors

  • Association Reserves WA - Logo
  • Columbia Bank - Logo
  • Newman HOA CPA - Audit & Tax - Logo
  • HUB International NW - Logo
  • SageWater - Logo
  • ServPro Of Seattle NW - Logo
  • Rafel Law Group PLLC - Logo
  • Agynbyte - Logo
  • CAU - Community Association Underwriters - Logo
  • RW Anderson Services - Logo
  • Transblue - Logo
  • CIT - Community Association Banking - Logo
  • Superior Cleaning & Restoration - A COIT Service Company - Logo

Chapter Magazine

Journal July-August 2022

Jul/Aug 2022 Issue

Journal Advertising Partners:

  • Newman HOA CPA Audit & Tax
  • CIT Group Inc. - Logo
  • Rafel Law Group PLLC - Logo
  • The Copeland Group - Logo
  • Bell-Anderson & Associates - Logo
  • Community Association Underwriters - Logo
  • Ruff Construction - logo
  • Charter Construction - Logo
  • Popular Association Banking
  • SSI Construction
  • Sagewater
  • RW Anderson Services - Logo
  • Pacific Engineering Technologies, Inc - Logo

  • Association Reserves of Washington - Ad
  • Pacific Western Bank - Small Ad